cabecera22 .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO cabecera22 cabecera22 cabecera22 cabecera22 cabeceraingles cabeceraingles .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO .:: .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO .::  

 

During the first decades of the 16th century, until 1830, in European countries like France, Germany or Belgium great steel installations were built. They were very innovative as they embodied a new urban industrial concept. These huge installations were based on a specific architecture for industrial production. This is an urban form conceived in order to offer all sorts of services, both for workers and for managers (hospitals, pharmacies, homes, abundant food and a place of work). This steel rolling and forging warehouse is the only remaining example in Spain of an industrial installation from this era. This enhances its architectural and historical value, as it was the first forge in Spain to use blast furnaces fed with coal (coke) and to also bring that great machinery that was revolutionising the steel industry in Europe at the time. The factory is built of stone and brick, with a great open central warehouse completely clear of columns, the roof is supported by a succession of diaphragm arches. It has a basilica type floor with 3 naves; the central nave is higher and wider. The side naves are closed with a semicircular dome which is 5 metres in height and they communicate with the central nave through pointed arches. Each nave is stretched in the east to form sheds; the northern area held the forges and the south some hearth furnaces. Each nave opened to the outside trough a semicircular arch which formed a splendid gallery. The construction of this warehouse was started in 1846 by the initiative of the Palencian - Leonese Mining Society. The building held the first steam engines of the province, just like the great machines imported from Great Britain: cylinder and rolling trains, steam hammer and shear.
 

 

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