From the rural community to the gates of an
In this section we will cover from the beginning,
the whole historical process of the valley and its
people. Who, from the first settlers in their Celtic
forts advanced in time and through social ways of
life, from the subsistence of a rural community, to
the strong emergence of the steel and mining
industry in the first decades of the 19th Century.
From Prehistory to the Romanization.
Although the references, both material and
documentary, about the first occupations in the
valley are very scarce, the confirmation of the
presence of man in these high valleys of Leon is
very clear. The settlements of Celtic forts that
have been identified in the valley along with the
Vadinian gravestones found reaffirm the presence of
settlement in this area, already from the 5th
Century B.C. to the 4th Century A.D. It was possibly
the contact with the Roman world that influenced
almost unchangeably, the close relationship that
existed between man and his natural environment
which enabled their subsistence.
The formation of medieval towns.
The stable occupation of space by people or
individuals united by blood ties, bonds of service
or beliefs, is the seed of the primitive village
communities. Within these rural societies the ways
of life remain unchanged, the commercial
relationships and transactions are done in the
closed environment of the valley's community. The
presence of the artisans along with the farmers
meant that the important balance was maintained
which was necessary for subsistence.
Daily life in a rural setting.
The emergence of the church within the rural
communities with the presence of the parish
generated some forms of coexistence between the
official religion and the ancestral practices and
beliefs that had been maintained throughout the
centuries. Education was a privilege of the
oligarchy; the masses very rarely attended school.